The KaZa Treaty legally and formally established the world’s largest conservation area on 18 August 2011. The milestone in nature conservation allows many species especially elephants to take up their ancient migration routes. Communities and people inside and outside of the borders of the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area are set to benefit from sustainable tourism in the park. The countries involved in this mammoth conservation project are Namibia Botswana Angola Zambia and Zimbabwe. By jointly utilizing their resources in an eco-conscious manner the 5 countries are setting a unique example in transnational cooperation and have embraced the essence of the Peace Park concept. The KaZa Park took about 40 existing national parks game reserves community conservancies and game management areas and turned them into a 444 000 km conservation area. The park will open borders and manmade boundaries to wildlife as well as tourism. With animals free to roam an area the size of Sweden the distribution of wildlife and seasonal migration will take strain off areas like Chobe National Park which suffers from its large elephant population. Natural attractions such as the Victoria Falls and the Okavango Delta in combination with established wilderness areas such as Chobe National Park Kafue National Park and Hwange National Park are expected to drive major tourism into the area. The people living in the KaZa Park and on its outskirt will have the opportunity to establish tourism facilities and ventures. Confrontation between the settlements and farms with wildlife will be kept to a minimum by sustainable and wildlife friendly means.
KaZa and Caprivi
Namibia has dedicated large parts of the Caprivi Strip and the Kavango Region to the KaZa Conservation Area. Bwabwata National Park, Mamili National Park, Mudumu National Park, Mangetti National Park, Khaudum National Park the Caprivi State forest and several conservancies and community forests will be incorporated into the park.